Diabetes – sometimes referred to as diabetes mellitus - is a disease or chronic disorder of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism in which your body’s blood sugar (glucose) becomes abnormally high and your body does not produce or properly use insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other foods into energy. Diabetes can occur when your pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or when cells of your body become resistant to insulin.
The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play key roles. Another theory suggests that an autoimmune process leads to a destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas due to mechanisms – chemical (pesticides), free-radical, viral and food allergies.
There are two types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes - commonly referred to as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes - occurs most often in children and young adults from the body's failure to produce insulin, the hormone that "unlocks" the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong insulin for the control of blood sugar levels and involves injecting it under your skin for it to work.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, usually occurs in people over 40 and results from insulin resistance or sensitivity; a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin, combined with an insulin deficiency. Most Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes
Other types of diabetes include:
- Secondary diabetes, which is secondary to another ailment like pancreatic disease, hormone imbalances or disruptions, medication use and malnutrition
- Gestational diabetes, which is a form of glucose tolerance, affects about 4% of all women during pregnancy
- Pre-diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance is a condition that occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes Natural Steps:
- Food cravings – especially sweets and refined foods
- Excessive urination and thirst
- Blurred vision
- Constant skin or urinary-tract infections
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Vascular disease
- Progressive nerve damage
- Eye damage and possible blindness
What about diabetes and soy, coffee, poultry and water? Check out melsTake on diabetes medications.